What is Jacquard?

Jacquard is a fabric characterized by complex patterns woven directly into the material.


Jacquard refers to both a type of fabric and the loom on which it is produced. The term originates from the name of its French inventor, Joseph Marie Jacquard, who in the early 19th century developed the loom that revolutionized textile production. This innovation made it possible to create fabrics with intricate patterns, such as brocades and damasks, that were previously produced by hand and were thus labor-intensive and expensive. Through the integration of punched cards that controlled the lifting of threads, the Jacquard loom facilitated the production of textiles with detailed images and complex designs directly woven into the fabric.

The distinctive feature of Jacquard fabrics is their textured patterns, which are not printed on but woven directly into the material using various types of yarns and weaving techniques. This results in a fabric that is often reversible, with the pattern visible on both sides, albeit in inverse colors. Jacquard fabrics are celebrated for their depth, texture, and the sophistication they bring to interior design projects.

In today's interior design, Jacquard fabrics are commonly used in upholstery, window treatments, decorative pillows, and other home textiles. The versatility and durability of Jacquard make it a preferred choice for adding elegance and detail to any space.


Jacquard fabrics are popular in upscale interior design projects, particularly in the creation of statement pieces such as luxurious sofas, armchairs, and drapery. Their unique patterns also make them an excellent choice for accent pieces like throw pillows and tablecloths. Jacquard can be found in various settings, from traditional homes to contemporary spaces, adding texture and visual interest wherever used.


  • Why is Jacquard fabric considered unique?

    Jacquard fabric is considered unique due to its complex patterns that are woven directly into the fabric, creating a depth and intricacy unachievable by simple printing methods.

  • Can Jacquard fabrics be used for clothing?

    Yes, Jacquard fabrics are also used in fashion for creating clothing items such as dresses, jackets, and skirts, appreciated for their texture and elaborate designs.

  • Are Jacquard fabrics easy to care for?

    The care of Jacquard fabrics depends on the type of fibers used. While some may be machine washable, others might require dry cleaning. It's important to follow the specific care instructions provided for the fabric.

Practical Application

When incorporating Jacquard fabrics into interior design, consider the scale and color of the pattern in relation to the size of the room and its color scheme. A large, bold Jacquard pattern can serve as a focal point in a room, while a more subdued pattern can add texture and interest without overwhelming the space. Pairing Jacquard with complementary solid colors can also enhance the richness of the fabric's design.