What is Gingham?

Gingham is a medium-weight, balanced plain-woven fabric made from dyed cotton or cotton-blend yarn.


Gingham is characterized by its iconic checked pattern formed by horizontal and vertical stripes (usually of the same color) that contrast with a white background. These stripes are of even width and are dyed in the yarn before weaving, which gives the fabric its distinctive, crisp appearance.

Historically, gingham originated in Southeast Asia and became popular in Europe in the 17th century. Today, it is celebrated for its versatility and timeless appeal, finding its place in both fashion and interior design. In the context of interior design, gingham is often used for its homely, country-inspired aesthetic that can add a touch of nostalgia and warmth to a space.

Due to its simple yet charming pattern, gingham can easily be paired with other textures and patterns, making it a favorite among designers looking to create cozy, inviting interiors. Whether used for upholstery, window treatments, tablecloths, or cushions, gingham adds a quaint and traditional element to home décor.


In interior design, gingham is commonly used for window treatments, such as curtains and blinds, as well as for upholstery on furniture, tablecloths, bedding, and decorative cushions. Its classic pattern is versatile, making it suitable for various design styles, particularly country, farmhouse, and cottage interiors. Gingham's simplicity also allows it to blend well with other decorative elements, enabling designers to create layers of texture and pattern for a rich, inviting look.


  • Can gingham be used in modern interiors?

    Yes, while gingham is often associated with country and traditional styles, it can also be used in modern interiors. Its clean, geometric pattern can complement minimalistic decor or add a playful contrast to contemporary spaces. Pairing gingham with sleek furniture and modern decorative objects can create a fresh, eclectic look.

  • Are there different sizes of gingham checks?

    Yes, gingham comes in a variety of check sizes, from small and subtle to large and bold. The size of the checks can significantly impact the fabric's appearance and its effect in a room. Smaller checks tend to be more versatile and can blend easily with other patterns, while larger checks make a stronger visual statement and are often used as focal points.

  • Is gingham available in multiple colors?

    Originally available in blue and white, gingham now comes in a wide range of colors, including red, green, yellow, and black. This variety makes it easier for designers and homeowners to find the perfect shade to complement their decor scheme.

Practical Application

When incorporating gingham into your interior design, consider the scale of the pattern relative to the space and other patterns present. For instance, smaller checks might be more suitable for smaller, more delicate pieces such as cushions or small windows, while larger checks can be more fitting for curtains in spacious rooms or on significant pieces of furniture. Additionally, to keep your design cohesive, pick a color that blends or contrasts nicely with the existing palette of the room.