What is Cubism?

Cubism is an art movement known for its use of geometric shapes and abstracted forms.


Cubism is a groundbreaking art movement that emerged in the early 20th century, closely associated with artists Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. It is celebrated for its radical approach to representing reality, where objects are broken down, analyzed, and reassembled in an abstracted form, highlighting multiple perspectives within a single plane or composition. This style extends beyond paintings and sculptures, significantly influencing interior design and architecture.

In the context of interior design, cubism encourages the utilization of geometric shapes, angular forms, and a diverse perspective approach in the layout and decoration of spaces. It emphasizes the intersection of functionality and visual aesthetics, allowing designers to create dynamic, engaging environments. Furniture, decorative objects, and even the spatial organization within cubist-inspired interiors often feature sharp lines, polygonal shapes, and a bold use of color and texture, aiming to evoke the multifaceted reality cubism portrays in art.

Cubist design is not just about adopting a certain aesthetic but also embodies a philosophical approach to understanding space and form. It pushes the boundaries of traditional design to create interiors that are visually compelling and thought-provoking, mirroring the complex perspectives and fragmented reality that cubism seeks to express.


Examples of cubism in interior design include cubist paintings as focal points in a room, furniture with geometric shapes and faceted forms, and architectural elements like staircases or partitions featuring angular, intersecting planes. Designers might also incorporate cubist principles in pattern designs for wallpapers, textiles, and carpets, using abstracted, geometric motifs.


  • How did cubism influence interior design?

    Cubism influenced interior design by introducing a new way of thinking about space, form, and perspective. It encouraged the use of geometric shapes, abstracted forms, and a bold approach to layout and decoration, which allowed for more dynamic and engaging environments.

  • Can cubism be used in modern interior design?

    Yes, cubism can be seamlessly integrated into modern interior design. Its principles of abstraction, geometric forms, and multiple perspectives offer a unique and timeless aesthetic that can complement contemporary spaces, adding depth and character.

  • What are typical characteristics of cubist-inspired furniture?

    Cubist-inspired furniture often features sharp lines, angular forms, and faceted surfaces. These pieces might utilize bold color schemes and mix materials such as wood, metal, and glass to highlight the geometric nature of the design. The goal is to create functional pieces that also serve as visual representations of cubist art.

Practical Application

When incorporating cubism into interior design, start by expressing the theme through key pieces such as a cubist painting or sculpture. Consider furniture that emphasizes geometric forms and experiment with patterns and textures for fabrics and wall coverings. Aim to create a space that feels cohesive by balancing the abstract elements with more traditional aspects, providing both visual intrigue and functional comfort. Utilize lighting to highlight the unique features and angles of cubist décor to enhance the overall aesthetic.