What is Capital?

In interior design, capital refers to the topmost portion of a column.


In the realm of interior design and architecture, a capital is a key element that serves not only a structural purpose but also an aesthetic one. It is the topmost part of a column, which transitions between the column and the load bearing down upon it from above. This crucial component is often elaborately decorated, reflecting various architectural styles and periods ranging from the classical Corinthian, Ionic, and Doric orders to more contemporary interpretations.

Capitals can vary significantly in design, detail, and complexity, directly impacting the overall feel and aesthetics of a space. They serve as a testament to the craftsmanship and design sensibilities of their time, making them a point of interest for anyone involved in the restoration, renovation, or appreciation of historical buildings. Moreover, the design of a capital can heavily influence the design direction of an interior space, echoing architectural themes throughout the interior.


Capitals are prominently found in buildings with classical architecture but can also be incorporated into modern designs as decorative elements. In interior design, they might be used to accentuate the structural elements of a room, such as support beams or pillars, by adding decorative capitals at their tops. This not only enhances the visual appeal of these elements but also ties them into the overall design theme of the space.


  • What is the purpose of a capital in interior design?

    The purpose of a capital in interior design is to provide a transition between a column and the load it supports, often adding a decorative element that enhances the aesthetics of the space.

  • Can capitals be used in modern interior design?

    Yes, capitals can be adapted to fit modern interior design. They can serve as decorative elements that add a touch of elegance and historical reference to contemporary spaces.

  • How does the design of a capital influence the interior design of a space?

    The design of a capital can influence the interior design of a space by echoing architectural themes that complement or contrast with the overall design direction, adding depth and historical context.

Practical Application

When incorporating capitals into your interior design, consider the architectural style of your space and choose designs that complement it. Whether you aim to create a historically accurate restoration or to infuse modern spaces with classical elements, the selection of capital designs can significantly influence the ambiance and theme of your project.