What is a Balustrade?

A balustrade is a row of small columns topped by a rail.


A balustrade is an architectural feature that consists of a row of repeating balusters - small columns, posts, or spindles - that support a railing. This decorative, yet functional, element can be found both indoors and outdoors, serving not only as a safety barrier but also contributing to the aesthetic appeal of a space. Balustrades can be made from a variety of materials, including wood, stone, metal, and glass, each offering a different look and feel to the spaces they occupy.

In interior design, balustrades are commonly used in staircases, balconies, and terraces, providing a sense of security while adding an element of design. The style of a balustrade can significantly influence the overall ambiance of a room or building, echoing design elements from classic to contemporary. Furthermore, the choice of materials and design can reflect the architectural era or design style of a space, making balustrades an integral part of interior architecture.

The functionality and decorative aspects of balustrades have made them a popular choice in various design styles, from the ornate and intricate patterns found in classical architecture to the sleek and minimalist lines favoured in modern design. Moreover, through custom design and choice of materials, balustrades offer an opportunity for personal expression in both residential and commercial settings.


Balustrades are often used in staircases within homes to provide safety and add to the interior decor. In commercial buildings, they can often be found in multi-level shopping malls, serving not only as safety barriers but also as decorative elements that enhance the architectural design. Outdoor use includes garden terraces, where balustrades can create a visually appealing boundary.


  • What materials are commonly used for balustrades?

    Common materials for balustrades include wood, stone, metal, and glass. Each offers its unique appearance, durability, and maintenance requirements.

  • Can balustrades be customized?

    Yes, balustrades can be highly customized in terms of materials, designs, and finishes to match the specific style and needs of a space.

  • Are there any safety regulations for balustrades?

    Yes, there are safety regulations and building codes that balustrades must comply with, especially concerning their height and structural integrity, to ensure they serve as effective safety barriers.

Practical Application

When choosing a balustrade for your space, consider not only the design and material but also the maintenance and safety regulations. A well-chosen balustrade can serve as a focal point in a room, so think about how it will complement your overall design theme. For a cohesive look, match the material and style of your balustrade with other architectural elements within the space.